Planting pineapple at home: basic methods and useful tips
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Pineapple is a popular tropical fruit, the cultivation of which at home is gaining more and more popularity among the inhabitants of our country. But this culture is quite capricious and demanding on conditions, therefore, in order to properly carry out planting, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic information regarding not only the rules for its implementation, but also the choice and preparation of planting material.
Planting pineapple at home
There are two ways to plant pineapple at home - by seeds and using the top. To get the desired result, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules for the chosen landing method.
Planting pineapple seeds
If you want to grow pineapple using seeds, then it is advisable to purchase them at the store. The fact is that in most of the fruits sold on the market, there are either no seeds at all, or they are small and unripe and therefore not suitable for planting. But pay attention to the seeds - the seeds that are in the fruit you bought are still worth it, because they may be quite suitable for sowing.
Pineapple seeds, suitable for sowing, are flat, semicircular, reddish-brown in color and reach a length of 0.3-0.4 cm
In pineapple, the seeds are in the pulp just under the skin. If they meet all the requirements and can be planted, then carefully remove them with a knife and rinse in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 200 ml of water), then remove, dry on a paper towel and proceed with pre-sowing activities.
- Soak. Place a damp material (cotton cloth or cotton pads) on the bottom of the container or on a plate. Place the seeds on it and cover them on top with the same moistened material. Place the workpiece in a warm place for 18-24 hours. The seeds should swell a little.
- Sowing in the ground. Fill the sowing container with a mixture of peat and refined sand (they should be taken in equal parts), moisten the soil and plant seeds at a distance of 7–10 cm from each other, deepening them by 1–2 cm.
- After sowing, be sure to cover the container with foil or glass and place in a warm place.
The time of emergence of seedlings depends on the temperature: if it is equal to + 30oC - + 32oC, then the seeds will germinate in 2-3 weeks, in colder conditions the sprouts will appear not earlier than in 30-45 days.
Further care of the plantings consists in timely moderate watering and regular airing (10 minutes, 2 times a day). When the seedlings have 3-4 leaves, the shoots must be planted in separate pots. Since the seedlings are in a common container, it is more convenient to use the transplant method.
Pineapple shoots must be cut to ensure proper development.
- Water the soil well 2 hours before transplanting.
- Place drainage material (3-4 cm) on the bottom of individual containers with a volume of 0.5-0.7 liters, and then fill with soil (peat (1 part) + humus (1 part) + sand (1 part) + garden soil (1 part)) and moisten it.
- In the center of each container, make a hole 2-3 cm deep.
- Carefully remove the sprout from the common container (for convenience, you can use a teaspoon) and place it in the hole, straightening the roots.
- Fill the hole with soil, compacting it, and pour it.
- Cover the planting with a bag and place in a warm, bright place.
Planting the rosette (tops) of pineapple
If you want to grow pineapple in this way, then carefully consider buying a mother fruit. Try to choose fresh fruit without defects (bruises, rot, etc.). Also inspect the leafy rosette: it should be fresh, firm, green in color, and have a living, intact core.
In addition to the appearance of the pineapple, it is worth paying attention to the time of purchase. You will have the highest chances of growing pineapple if you buy the fruit in late spring, summer or early fall. There will be almost no opportunity to get a new plant from a pineapple bought in winter, since in this case the fruits are often in cold air and their tops freeze.
The top suitable for planting must be fresh and have an intact center.
Once you have selected and purchased a suitable fruit, you can start planting the top. There are two ways to carry out this procedure, and you can choose the most convenient for you.
Method 1. Planting the top without rooting
1. With a sharp, clean knife, carefully cut off the top, while grabbing an area of the fruit 3 cm below. If the pineapple is ripe, you can remove the top by holding the top with one hand and turning the fruit with the other. After you have removed the top, remove all the flesh, as it can rot the planting. Also remove all the lower leaves to create a cylindrical stalk 2.5–3 cm long.
It is necessary to carefully remove the pulp to avoid rotting of the top.
2. Disinfect the sections by sprinkling them with activated charcoal (for this you need to crush 1-2 tablets) or placing them for 1 min in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate (to get it, dissolve the powder on the tip of a knife (1 g) in 200 ml of water). After soaking, be sure to wipe the stem with a paper towel.
3. Place the top for 5-7 days in a dry, dark place, the air in it should be at room temperature. To avoid contact of the top with surfaces, it is advisable to hang it on a twine or strong thread.
The top of the pineapple must be dried upright
4. Prepare a pot with a volume of 0.5 - 0.7 liters. If you want to use a smaller pot, then it is advisable to choose at least one whose diameter is slightly larger than the diameter of the top. Punch drain holes in it, if not, and place them in the pan. Place a layer (2 cm) of drainage material (expanded clay, fine gravel) on the bottom. Fill the pot with soil (composition: sand (1 part) + peat (1 part) + turf soil (1 part) or peat (2 parts) + coniferous humus (1 part) + garden soil (1 part). If possible, prepare such a substrate no, you can use cactus soil). Pour boiling water over the soil 2 days before planting.
Sod land, sand and peat are indispensable components of a soil mixture for pineapple
5. Moisten the soil, make a hole 2.5–3 cm deep in it and sprinkle the bottom with 0.5 tsp. crushed charcoal.
6. Carefully place the top in the hole, sprinkle it with earth to the lower leaves, and then tamp and water the soil well.
7. Cover the planting with foil, a plastic bag, or place under glass and place in a warm, bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
To provide the pineapple with the most favorable conditions for development, it must be placed in a greenhouse.
As a rule, it takes 1.5–2 months to root the apex. If the tip takes root, then at the end of this period, several new leaves will appear in its center.
Method 2. Planting the top with rooting
1. Remove the top, remove the pulp and lower leaves from it, leaving a bare cylinder 2.5-3 cm thick.
2. Disinfect the sections with potassium permanganate or activated carbon.
3. Dry the top within 2-3 days in a dry, dark place at room temperature.
4. Take a glass, pour warm water into it and place the cleaned part of the top 3-5 cm in it. To fix it, you can use toothpicks or cut out a cardboard circle. Put the glass in a warm, bright place, you can on the windowsill. Roots usually appear in 2–3 weeks. During this time, the water in the glass should be changed once every 2-3 days. The top can be transplanted into the pot when the roots reach a length of 2 cm.
Rooting of the apex usually takes 2-3 weeks
5. Prepare the pot and fill it with suitable soil.
6. In moistened soil, make a hole 2-3 cm deep and carefully place the top in it, taking care not to injure the roots. Sprinkle with soil up to the lower leaves.
7. Compact and water well again.
8. Cover the planting with a plastic bag and place in a warm, bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
Based on my experience, I can say that rooting plants is a useful procedure, because it allows you to immediately see whether the planting material is viable or not (this applies not only to pineapple, but also cuttings of various fruit crops, etc.), and you subsequently, you do not have to waste time caring for a spoiled plant or taking up space in the pot for them. When growing pineapple, I also recommend holding this event, especially to those people who have never dealt with it before and therefore could well have missed something during the preparatory work. If the top does not take root, then you can immediately replace it with another one, without repeating the mistakes made earlier, and get a good plant. And in the future, when you learn how to do everything correctly, then you can plant a pineapple or any other plant in the ground without first rooting, without fear that it will not take root or germinate.
Like any other plant, as the pineapple grows, its root system develops, so you will have to transplant. For it to be successful, before that time, you need to provide your plant with proper care that will strengthen its health and will allow you to transfer the move with less stress.
After you have planted the top in the ground, it must be kept under the film for 1.5 - 2 months. During this period, the pineapple needs airing (2 times a day for 10 minutes) and spraying of the leaves 1 time a week, since pineapple accumulates moisture in them. Watering is recommended in moderation and only when the land is dry. Those who have had experience in growing pineapple from the top are advised to water not only into the ground, but also into the outlet itself. Also, if possible, try to change the film or wipe the glass, since the resulting condensation (drops) is harmful to the leaves and, if it gets on them, can cause them to rot. Moreover, fertilizers should not be neglected. For this purpose, you can use complex mineral additives (for example, diammofosku) at the rate of 10 g per 10 liters of water. You need to feed the top every 20 days. In the autumn-winter period, planting must be provided with a sufficient amount (at least 12 hours) of light, supplementing it with a fluorescent lamp.
The pineapple top is transplanted one year after planting. It is advisable to use the transshipment method, since it is the most gentle on the root system. For this purpose, do not water the pineapple for several days. When the soil is completely dry, remove the plant along with a clod of earth and transplant it into a 1.5 - 2 liter pot.
With the help of transshipment, you can remove the plant from the pot without damaging its roots.
Pot preparation and proper planting is carried out as follows:
- Place a layer (3-4 cm) of drainage material on the bottom of the pot.
- Pour soil onto the drainage layer (you can use the same one that you used immediately).
- Place the top with a lump of earth in the center.
- Fill the empty spaces near the sides of the pot with soil, water well, and place the pineapple in a sunny spot.
As you can see, planting a pineapple is not a difficult procedure, but measures for the preparation of planting material require care and accuracy, because the future life of the plant depends on how correctly and efficiently they are carried out. Follow all the recommendations carefully, and the desired results will not be long in coming.
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You can grow pineapple at home from seeds, cuttings and the crown. The most affordable and fastest for an ordinary grower will be the last option. However, you need to pay attention to the quality of the fruit when buying it in the store. First of all, the fruit must be ripe and have a pronounced pleasant aroma. If he does not smell like anything, this indicates his immaturity. Planting the top of a pineapple like this is a waste of time.
The fruit must be inspected from all sides to make sure there is no damage or rotten areas. If you notice brown spots on or between the scales, set the pineapple aside. The color of the fruit is also important. Suitable for rooting, a ripe pineapple should have a uniform yellowish color. The green color of the scales indicates insufficient maturity.
But overripe fruit is also unsuitable for planting. If, when pressed, the pulp is easily perforated, it means that the pineapple has time to overripe. The scales should only spring slightly under pressure. In the case when the pineapple seems to be "wooden" or the finger is buried in the pulp, its condition will not allow using the top for a new plant. The crown itself should be green, with barely dry tips. If the leaves are yellow or with traces of rot, do not take the fruit. The best time to buy pineapple is summer, or early fall.
How to grow pineapple from seeds at home
Seed propagation is considered the most difficult and time-consuming method. Firstly, you can get seedlings only from purchased seeds. In the fruits sold in supermarkets, there are no seeds at all, or you can only find their whitish immature rudiments.
The seed of a pineapple suitable for germination has a somewhat flattened semicircular shape, reaches 3-4 mm in length and is colored with a brown or reddish shade of brown.
Before planting, the seeds are placed between layers of a damp cloth for 18-24 hours and, covered, placed in a warm place. Then, when they swell a little, they plant them in a wet mixture of peat and sand. In order for small seeds to sprout without difficulty, they are buried no more than 1-2 cm.
Containers must be covered with foil or glass and placed in a warm place. It is on the temperature provided to the seeds that their germination and the timing of the appearance of the first shoots will depend:
- At normal room temperature, germination can take from 3-4 weeks to one and a half months.
- If the seeds are kept at a temperature of about 30–32 ° C, the sprouts can be seen in 2–3 weeks.
It is important to maintain not only the temperature regime, but also to moisten the soil in time, and also not to forget about feeding the seedlings. To do this, with an interval of 15–20 days, the crops are fertilized with complex formulations, including the main nutrients and microelements.
When several leaves appear on young rosettes, they are dived, transferring a lump together with a small earthlings into the soil for adult plants. Such soil can be made independently by mixing peat, humus, garden soil and sand in equal proportions. To give structure and a kind of protection against infections, crushed charcoal is added to the soil up to 5% of the volume. And part of the sand can be replaced with perlite.
How to grow pineapple at home in different ways
Growing pineapple from the top
For those wishing to grow pineapple on their own, you should know that it is better to start this process at the end of summer, in August or September. It is then that you can expect that pineapple bought in a store or on the market is suitable as a planting material. It is better to take several fruits in order to increase the likelihood of successful rooting.
So, the fruit for planting material should be ripe, but not overripe, golden brown with bright green, not too large leaves. They should not have gray spots, the presence of which indicates that the plant is damaged by a worm - such fruits should not be used for planting.
The top of the pineapple is cut and stripped of leaves
Preparing the crown for subsequent planting:
- Cut off the top of the pineapple, at a distance of 2-3 fingers from the leaves.
- The pulp is selected in a ring from the crust, not reaching the center, where a round islet is left, from which roots will subsequently sprout.
- The lowest leaves are removed.
- The inside is sprinkled with activated or charcoal, you can wipe it with a very weak solution of potassium permanganate so that rot does not start.
- The top of the pineapple is suspended for 2 weeks so that it dries slightly.
Sometimes the tops planted 5 or 6 hours after treatment successfully take root.
The prepared crown is planted in a pot, the diameter of which is not much larger than the diameter of the seedling. A drainage layer is poured onto the bottom of the pot, for example, expanded clay. The soil can consist of a mixture of peat and sand, or you can buy a ready-made earthen mixture for cacti.
The hole for planting is made shallow up to 2.5 cm. It is recommended to pour a little crushed charcoal on its bottom. The soil should cover the seedling to the bottom leaves and be tamped tightly. After planting, the plant is watered, covered with a plastic bag or glass jar and placed in a warm and bright place.
Growing pineapple from a tuft
You can simply unscrew the crest from the pineapple - it separates from the fruit with a small stem. You need to remove 3-4 bottom sheets to expose the base. To prevent the trunk from rotting, after cleaning, leave it to dry for a few days.
The crest is easily unscrewed by hand
Now we put pineapple crests in glasses of water - this is the easiest and most reliable way, as practice has shown. We put glasses on the windowsill in different colors.
The pineapple should be only a couple of centimeters in the water and not touch the bottom.
You need to constantly add water, sometimes change it completely - and after two or three weeks the roots will appear.
Good roots - can be planted in the ground
As they become a couple of centimeters, we plant them in the ground. We have already mentioned the composition of the soil, we bury the crest three centimeters into the ground, more precisely, the entire bare base.
The pineapple will finally take root in one and a half to two months. This will be seen by the new leaves that appear in the center of the tuft.
As new pineapple leaves grow, the old ones will turn brown and dry - they need to be carefully trimmed. Young leaves will take their place. Watering a young pineapple is rarely necessary - once a week.
After about a year, the pineapple should be transplanted into a larger pot, adding cactus soil. Good drainage from expanded clay, gravel is imperative - because pineapple roots do not like stagnant water and the plant can die from excess moisture.
Transplanting pineapple into new pots
In winter, the pineapple has a dormant period, and with the onset of spring, it begins to grow rapidly. If the pineapple does not grow in spring, then it urgently needs a transplant with a change of land, since the soil is depleted.
When growing pineapple at home, certain care rules should be followed - to create suitable conditions for this tropical plant for good growth and fruit formation.
Lighting and temperature
For a green pet to feel comfortable, it must be light and warm. Pineapple comes from the tropics and cold weather, especially since it does not tolerate frost at all. In summer, indoor pineapple can be put on the balcony, taken out to the country. You need to place the plant under the crowns of trees so that the light is diffused. It grows well in the open air. For good development of the plant, you need to keep it in a bright place for at least 6 hours a day at any time of the year.
In summer, pineapple loves to "walk"
Watering and fertilizing
Watering should be infrequent and abundant. The soil in the pot should be moist, but stagnation of water should not be allowed, for this, good drainage is needed. On the one hand, pineapple is adapted to droughts, and it can be watered once a week in winter, and watered more often and more abundantly during the growth period.
In the summer, it is very good to spray the leaves with water, it will be absorbed by the leaves, and the excess will quickly dry out on the street. At home, especially in winter, do not do this - the water will stagnate in the leaves, and the plant may rot.
Ripening pineapple fruit
Pineapple is fed with fertilizers only during the growth period, in summer. And you need to do this carefully, little by little. If you spray on the leaves, then make sure that the liquid fertilizer does not get on the young leaves - they can get burned.
Pests and diseases
With good care and adherence to the rules for growing indoor pineapple, it is almost not affected by pests. It can be affected by ticks and mealybugs. It helps in the fight against them by washing the leaves with soapy water, then rinsing the leaves with clean water. In case of severe damage, you can use insecticides, diluting strictly according to the instructions.
Pineapple can get sick with heart rot under the influence of a fungus. In a diseased plant, the leaves in the center turn black and are easily removed from the trunk. You can save the plant - for this, any fungicide is poured into the center. Over time, the plant will release a side shoot, and then the old one is carefully cut off.
Can you get pineapple fruits at home?
Sure you may. With careful care, the plant blooms after 2 or 3 years, and after the fruit ripens, it dies. But there are shoots that can be used to grow new plants.
Ripe pineapple fruit
When growing pineapple at home, the timing of flowering is difficult to predict, they can move in any direction. Usually at the age of one and a half months, when the flower grows to 25 cm in height, an inflorescence appears. A long peduncle grows from the crown, at the top of which an inflorescence is formed.
Pineapple blooms within two months and flowers appear for two weeks, every day. Bright blue flowers open only for a day, row by row - then wither. The fruit begins to develop after the last flower withers. The pineapple fruit grows and ripens up to six months - depending on the conditions and the pineapple variety.
Pineapple picking up color
What if the pineapple does not form fruit?
There are times when the pineapple does not want to bear fruit at all. If it is already sufficiently developed, then you can stimulate it to bear fruit. Ethylene is a stimulant for all bromeliads, which pineapple belongs to. For its formation, pour 1 teaspoon of calcium carbide in half a liter of water. And leave it closed for a day. Then drain the liquid without sediment. You will receive an ethylene water solution.
Pineapple on the windowsill
Pour 50 grams of the solution into the center of the pineapple leaves every day for a week. Usually, after this procedure, flowering begins in a month. If nothing happens, the plant is either not ready to bear fruit or is sick.
How to root pineapple correctly - video
A great video and helpful tips and observations for rooting pineapple.
Now you know how to grow pineapple at home. I wish you successful rooting and your fruits!